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4G-LTE Command and Dispatch Communication Solution for Emergency Events in Forest

Views:3     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-02-03      Origin:Site


On 2nd Nov 2019, IFLY team at the invitation of the fire department in Fujian Province, took a series of exercise in a forest to test the 4G-LTE emergency command communication system effectiveness. This file is a brief conclusion of the exercise process.


Content

 1. Background 2

2. Geographical Conditions 2

3. Contents of Exercises 3

3.1. Exercise for NLOS transmission in dense forest 3

3.2. Exercise for Network coverage along the firebreak in forest 5

4. Products Involved 7


1. Background

When a fire department gets the alert that a forest fire has been spotted, everyone in the department is required to respond fast and decisively. It is a race against the clock because saving time is saving lives. During those first critical minutes, the first responders need a rapidly deployed yet advanced communication system that connects with all the human resources. And the system need to based on an independent, broadband and stable wireless network that allows real time voice, video and data transmission without dependency on any commercial resources.

 

At the invitation of Fujian Province Fire department, IFLY organized communication experts, forest protection experts, and a senior forester to conduct a series of drills about rapidly deploy a 4G TD-LTE private network in forests.

2. Geographical Conditions


forest

Location: Jiulongling Forest Farm, Longhai, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China

Terrain: Coastal hilly area

Altitude: 25-540.7meters

Slope: 20-30degree

Soil layer thickness: 40-100cm



3. Contents of Exercises


The exercises aim to verify:

① NLOS transmission ability in dense forest

② The network coverage along the firebreak

③ The communication system’s performance for emergency events in forest.


3.1. Exercise for NLOS transmission in dense forest

Making the soldiers or first responders be connected wirelessly in dense forests and harsh natural environments, will offer several advantages in emergency situations.

In this testing we will make the wireless communication equipment work in extreme conditions to verify its NLOS ability.

 

Deployment

 

Deploy the portable emergency system(Patron-P10) in a place with complex and dense bush(longitude: 117.705754, latitude: 24.352767)

 

The Patron-P10

Central Frequency: 586Mhz

Bandwidth: 10Mhz

RF Power: 10watts


The Patron-P10



Secondly, test persons took the manpack CPE and trunking handset walking freely in the forest. During the walking, the video and voice communication need to keep going on.


second



Test Result

Test Result


The video transmission and voice communication were kept on during the whole walking until the CPE lost connection with patron-P10. As shown in the above picture(Green color means the video and voice are smooth).

 

Trunking Handset

 

When the tester walked at 628meters away from the patron-p10 location, the handset lost connection with the patron-p10. Then the handset connect with CPE via wifi and the real time voice and video communication recovered normal.

 

Manpack CPE

 

When tester walked across a high slope, the CPE lost connection. At this time the signal strength was -98dBm(When the tester stood at the top of the slope, the data rate was 10Mbps)


3.2. Exercise for Network coverage along the firebreak in forest


test zone



Firebreak is a gap in vegetation that acts as a barrier to slow or stop the progress of a forest fire. And the firebreaks also serve as roads for mountain patrol and forest protection, firefighting force projection, firefighting equipment, food, and other logistical support materials delivery, which plays a vital role in forest firefighting.

 

For response to emergency event in forest area, covering the firebreak with a stable and high speed network is a challenging task. In the test zone shown in the picture above, IFLY team will use the Patron-P10 coverage the firebreak with a 4G-LTE private network for stable communication.

Repidly deploy the portable integrated base station(Patron-P10), the whole deployment took 15minutes.

 

Central Frequency: 586Mhz

Bandwidth: 10Mhz

RF Power: 10watts



Then the tester took the CPE and trunking handset walked along the firebreak


Then the tester took the CPE and trunking handset walked along the firebreak


Test Result

 

The tester with the handset and CPE kept real time video and voice communication with people at portable integrated base station location(Act as a emergency command and dispatch center).

As shown in the picture below, the green walk route means the video and voice are smooth and clear. 


Test Result。




When the tester walked up along the firebreak and walked over a hill, the communication was lost. Because the hill is 200meters higher than the base station location, so the signals was blocked and lost the connection.

 

When the tester walked down the firebreak, the connection was lost at the end of the firebreak. That place is 90meters lower than the base station deployment place.

 

In these two drill, we didnt deploy the emergency communication system antenna in higher place for example put the antenna on top of emergency communication vehicle. During actual practice, if we put the antenna higher, the distance will be much longer.



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