Views: 45 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-05-28 Origin: Site
The significance of monitoring wildlife is to know the status and changes of wildlife populations, provide the necessary information on wild animals quantity and habitat status, develop management strategies, assess the value and master the status of wildlife resources. The current problems in wildlife surveillance are lack of professionals, short of long-term accumulation of basic data on resources and environment and insufficient investment in wildlife distribution key areas and protected areas.
In addition to the natural climate, there are also poachers who influence the survival of wild animals. In 2013, more than 3,000 live apes were estimated to be stolen by poachers accounting for 70% of the whole stolen scorpions. Thousands of wild animals have died and are becoming extinct because of poachers. According to 2014 research statistics, 12 of the 14 large animals, including the Saharan Cheetah and African wild dogs, have been extinct or endangered. The main reason are loss of habitat and illegal hunting. Utilizing the flight advantages of drones to detect wild animals for safer group protection and preventing poachers has become a concern of wildlife conservation associations around the world. However how do drones protect wildlife?
The UAV is equipped with infrared and visible light detection equipment and 10 km wireless video and data transmission equipment, which can detect animals and people hidden in the dense jungle outside the visible range of the human eye, day or night. And it also sends high-definition video and infrared imaging of animals and poachers in real time to receiver on GCS. The flying height and shooting angle of the drone are intuitively controlled by the ground software station with simple operation, which greatly promoted the smooth progress of wildlife protection.
In traditional census work, the staff usually adopts the methods of "marking and recapture method", "space distribution method' and "route method". However, such methods can only calculate the approximate number not accurate. Moreover, they often face problems such as invisibility and innumerable situations.
Labor can not cover a large area and is easy to disturb the animals to lead to the number's accuracy, long time and high cost are the shortcomings of manual survey. These shortcomings bring great obstacles to wildlife conservation work. But now all the above problems can be solved by the use of drones.
1.Compared with the traditional monitoring method that installing cameras in the target area, UAV monitoring eliminates the trouble of installing cameras, supplements the scanning blind zone of the camera monitoring. And it is also convenient and low-cost to use.
2.Capture subtle, multi-angle images to provide zoologists with the most authentic first-hand information.
Whether in day, night, mountains or cliffs, drones can easily climb over the mountains for high-speed flight and high-density shooting. This provides the most realistic first-hand image data for research and decision makers. Drones with infrared thermal imaging camera are especially suitable for observing wild animals such as giant pandas, bears and tigers in the original forest.
3.Large-scale inspections and timely feedback.
UAV equipped with a color CCD mission load or infrared detection equipment observes the ground virgin forest in real time at a flight altitude of 200 to 2000 meters above the ground and carry out fixed-point flights or large-scale inspection flights for specific areas. The pictures and videos taken at night will be transmitted to the ground station in real time via the video and digital telemetry long range circuit. The animal temperature hotspot will be displayed on the digital map of the ground station and then the identification system determines the wildlife species and performs accurate GPS positioning.
4.The drone is equipped with an infrared camera that detects extremely subtle temperature differences and then produces clear images based on these temperature differences. The heat contrast is extremely difficult to conceal, so we can find animals hidden in the forest or in the grass at night.
5.The drone is equipped with a long range wireless video transmitter support HD video, TCP/UTP and MAVLINK Telemetry data transmission.
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